great festival of the Mithilanchal,
Chhath is being observed from today,
the fourth day of the lunar calendar.
festival bears a great significance
on increasing the faith of the mankind
on truth and non-violence as well
as sympathy to all the living beings.
is the festival in which the sun is worshipped
when it rises and sets.
festival is celebrated after Dipawali.
It is especially significant for married
women. They observe a two-day fast and
offer prayers while keeping almost three-quarters
of their body immersed in water for two
This festival is observed
for four days. The first day is Arba Arbain
or Nahan Khan. The devotees take fast
by discarding meat, garlic and onion.
The second day is Kharana meaning the
reduction of sin. On the third day, the
devotees go to the rivers and ponds singing
folk and devotional songs. The fourth
day is called Paran or Parwan.
There is a tradition
of listening to Surya Puran after the
conclusion of Arghya or offering of curd,
the devotees listen to the stories of
the Chhath fasting.
They also listen to a
story of a greedy mother-in -law and her
According to Mahabharat
scriptures, the Pandavas and Draupadi
had also observed the fast with sun worship
for the successful completion of their
Meanwhile, the Kathmandu
metropolis has decided to open the historic
Rani Pokhari Pond for the Chhath festival.
People of Terai communities
had been demanding to open the pond for
celebration of Chhath festival.